Head of Family: Sri Rashbehari Banerjee
Puja Managed by:
Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Location: East Bardhaman(Purba Bardhaman)
Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com /www.facebook.com/ghoradangaonline/
Age of puja: 356
Theme of Puja:
For more than 350 years our Durga Puja of Banerjee and Ghatak family has been celebrated every year, and the members of Banerjee and Ghatak family gathered at that time. Maximum numbers of member of Banerjee and Ghatak family stay and settled outside of the village, but at the time of Durga Puja they came to their root village. Though we are demanding that our Puja is more than 350 years old, but it is being heard our Puja is more than 700 years old. Since we have some documents that tells us that our Puja is more than of 350 years old, hence we are saying that our Puja is more 350 years old. The histories of our Puja are as follows:
Shri Rajib Lochan Banerjee who lived in the village Borobelun nearby of our village had only son Shri Iswar Banerjee. Shri Iswar Banerjee had two sons Bireswar Banerjee and Benimadhab Banerjee. They started to live at that time at the village Ghoradanga. At that time there was a marital relationship took place between Ghatak family and Banerjee family. Shri Benimadhab Banerjee son of Shri Iswar Banerjee got married to the only daughter of Aditya Nath Ghatak. In the mean time there was a court case between the King of Burdwan and Shri Aditya Nath Ghatak. But unfortunately Shri Ghatak lost in that court case. As a result Ghatak family falls into an enormous financial crisis. There was no son of Shri Aditya Nath Ghatak. He adopts a male child. It is being heard that if the number of animal sacrificing reaches one lakh then the dynasty went finish. It seems that the animal sacrificing had been reached one lakh at the time of Shri Aditya Nath Ghatak. From that time Durga Puja has been mutually organized between Banerjee Family and Ghatak family. In that memorandum of understandings they decided that Durga Puja will be organized by both of the families. Ghatak family will sponsor only the day of Nabami. The rest part of Puja will have to be sponsored by Banerjee Family. In accordance with the tradition, till now Banerjee Families sponsors all the expenditure except Navami day and Ghatak Families sponsors all the expenditures of Navami day in DurgaPuja. Though, the members of both families work with full responsibilities during Durga Puja.
History of “Pala” (Puja responsibility and sponsorship) Distribution of Banerjee Family ::
If you see our family tree then you will see that Shri Iswar Banerjee has two sons - Shri Bireswar and Shri Benimadhav. Shri Benimadhav got married to the daughter of Shri Aditya Nath Ghatak. After distribution of the sponsorship of Puja between Banerjee and Ghatak family. Shri Bireswar Banerjee starts to sponsor our Durga Puja on behalf of Banerjee family. Shri Bireswar has five sons. They are Shri Sashibhusan, Shri Kantibhusan, Shri Ashutosh, Shri Jyotindranath and Shri Anukul.
However Shri Bireswar Banerjee distributed the Pala among his four sons Shri Sashibhusan, Shri Kantibhusan, Shri Ashutosh and Shri Anukul. Due to some unknown reason Shri Jyotindranath had not been provided any responsibility to continue the “Pala”. After that time downline tree of each son of Shri Bireswar are continuing their responsibility and sponsorship with the gap of four years according to the tree. This year that means the “Pala” in the year 2016 will be continued by the downline tree of Shri Anukul.
It is heard that the buffalo had been sacrificed at the time of Shri Aditya Nath Ghatak. However it had been stopped at the later time of Shri Aditya Nath Ghatak for some unknown reason. Nevertheless the goat has been sacrificed on the day of Saptami, Ashtami and Navami till now.
Earlier, the clay Idol of Goddess Durga was made by the family of Late Adhir Mistry, now it is continuing by the family of Late Sashthi Mistry.
Every year in the day of Rath Yatra and Janmastami, the journey is initiated for making the Durga Idol. The eye of Devi Durga is sketched in the day of Mahalaya.
The water filled copper pot has been coming in the early morning of Sasthi, Saptami.
Traditionally, the “Sankalpa” made in the name of the eldest of the family. Now-a-days Shri Rash Behari Banerjee is the eldest of this family.
Durga Puja performs in two myths , “Shakto” and “Krishna” . Goat sacrificing rituals have been maintained by using the myths of “Shakto” and other Puja rituals have been maintained by using the myths of Krishna . After sacrificing of goat the wives and married daughters of Banerjee and Ghatak family play with vermilion (a symbol of marriage worn by Hindu women thereafter, this play is termed as “Sindoor Khela”) in front of the Goddess of Durga.
In the days of Saptami, Ashtami and Navami, every villager of Ghoradanga has been served their lunch with the Prasad of Devi Durga in Durga Dalan (temple) these three days.
In the afternoon of Dashami the water filled copper pot of Devi Durga has been immersed in the water of the pond, “Talbona”, it is termed as “Ghot Bisarjan”. It is heard, long years ago, at the time of “Ghot Bisarjan”, both family members observed to fly Brahminy Kite (Sankhachil) in the sky.
In the evening of Dashami, the family of Late Pagla Hazra takes the responsibility for immersing of Devi Durga Idol. In the pond, “Talbona”, they immersed the Idol of Devi Durga.
The Rituals of Durga Puja is the inauguration of the Goddess idol starts on Maha Shasthi. The main Puja is for three days - MahaSaptami, MahaAshtami, MahaNavami. The Puja rituals are long and very detailed and complicated. Three days of Mantras and Shlokas, sacrificing and Arati and offerings – which needs an expert priest to do this kind of Puja. Our Puja performs with two myths “Shakto” and “Krishna”. Goat sacrificing rituals have been maintained by using the myths of “Shakto” and other Puja rituals have been maintained by using the myths of “Krishna”.
On this day Goddess Durga arrives to the mortal world from her heavenly abode, accompanied by her children through the water filled copper pot that comes in the early morning of Maha Shasthi. She is welcomed with much fanfare amidst the beats of “Dhak”. Unveiling the face of the idol is the main ritual of this day. “Kalaparambha”, the ritual performed before the commencement of the Puja precedes “Bodhon”, “Amantran” and “Adhibas”.
Maha-Saptami is the first day of Durga Puja. Kola Bou or Nabapatrika is given a pre-dawn bath. This is an ancient ritual of worshiping nine types of plants. They are together worshiped as a symbol of the goddess. The main Maha-Saptami Puja follows “Kalparambho” and “Maha-Snan”. After establishing “Kola Bou”, Maha Saptami Puja Starts, and it ends after goat sacrificing and Pushpanjali. The Maha-Saptami bhog is offered to the goddess. In the afternoon every villager of Ghoradanga has been served their lunch with the Prasad of Devi Durga in Durga Dalan (temple). In the evening of Maha-Saptami, the priest start Sandhyarati with the beats of “Dhak”.
The day began with a recital of Sanskrit hymns. The devotees offered Pushpanjali to the goddess. Kumari Puja or the worship of little girls as the mother goddess was a special part of the rituals. It is observed in our family Puja. The Maha-Ashtami bhog is offered to the goddess. As the day wore on, it was the time for the important Sandhi Puja that is the connecting point of the Maha-Ashtami and Maha-Navami. The goat has been sacrificed at that connecting point. It is being heard that Goddess Durga killed Mahisasoor in this connecting point, so it is called Sandhi Puja. In the afternoon every villager of Ghoradanga has been served their lunch with the Prasad of Devi Durga in “Durga Dalan” (temple). In the evening of Maha-Ashtami, the priest starts Sandhyarati with the beats of “Dhak”.
This is the ending day of Durga Puja. The main Navami Puja begins after the end of Sandhi Puja. The Navami Bhog is offered to the goddess. On the day of Navami, the goat has been sacrificed. After goat sacrificing, the Sugar-cane and White pumpkin has been sacrificed also. Within this time of Navami Puja, KaliPuja has also started at Kalitala, many of the goats, ships have been sacrificed. After completion of Puja at the Kalitala, on the way of returning at Banerjee / Brahman Para, the Digambari Song with dance is started. It ends after reaching at Brahman (Banerjee) Para Durga Dalan ( Temple ). This is the farewell song for this year of Puja and welcome song to Goddess Durga for coming in the next year. In the afternoon every villager of Ghoradanga has been served their lunch with the Prasad of Devi Durga in Durga Dalan (temple). In the evening of Maha-Navami, the priest starts Sandhyarati of Maha-Navami. This day has been sponsored by Ghatak family every year.
After the three beautiful days of Puja, the Maha-Dashami comes. A tearful farewell is offered to the Goddess. It seems that the shine on the faces of the clay idol appears, dull. The rituals of this day are the “Darpan Bisarjan”, “Devi Boron” and ”Aparajita Puja”, “Sindoor Khela”, “Ghot Bisarjan” and “Thakur Bisarjan”. The “Sindoor Khela” is for the married women and it is for the married wives and daughters in our family. The “Sindoor” (red vermillion powder) is an auspicious item for any Bengali married woman – it is normally applied on the “Sinthee” (the parting of the hair on the forehead). In the “Sindoor Khela”, these women apply “Sindoor” on the “Sinthee” of the Goddess Durga and then on the “Sinthee” of all women assembled. All present wives and married daughters of Banerjee and Ghatak family play with “Sindoor” (red vermillion powder) in front of the Goddess of Durga to immortal their “Sindoor” (Vermillion) in their “Sinthee” (the parting of the hair on the forehead). After that, Ghot Bisarjan performs, in the pond of our village name “Talbona”. Long years ago, at the time of “Ghot Bisarjan”, both family members observed to fly Brahminy Kite (“Sankhachil”) in the sky, it is being heard.
In the evening, the idol of Goddess Durga is carried by the bamboo structure and at last it is immersed to the pond, “Talbona”, it is termed as “Thakur Bhasan or Bisarjan”. Nevertheless, all good things have to come to an end! Hence, after immersion, we return to the empty “Durga Dalan” and exchange greetings – the younger do ‘Pronam' to their elders by stooping down and touching their feet. The elders return the gesture of blessing the younger ones. Those of the same age group do ‘Kola-Kuli', i.e., Hug and embrace each other. The last item on the agenda is the exchange of sweets. This exchanged of sweets was what Bijaya was all about - an activity we used to look forward in our childhood. It may be hard to believe but, from the day following the immersion, the children would assemble in one spot and then move from one house to another – never wanting to miss out on the different types of sweets and snacks that our neighbors would keep ready for us. Then would follow the comparisons of what one Aunty had done and what another Aunty tried to do but failed!! For those friends and relatives who live out or are settled abroad, Bijaya greeting cards used to be sent. Now, however, it is all through the electronic medium – e-greetings, e-cards, SMS etc